CephNotes

Some notes about Ceph
Laurent Barbe @CCM Benchmark

Use Trim/discard With Rbd Kernel Client (Since Kernel 3.18)

Realtime :

1
mount -o discard /dev/rbd0 /mnt/myrbd

Using batch :

1
fstrim /mnt/myrbd

Test

The empty FS :

$ rbd create rbd/myrbd --size=20480
$ mkfs.xfs /dev/rbd0
$ rbd diff rbd/myrbd | awk '{ SUM += $2 } END { print SUM/1024/1024 " MB" }'
14.4062 MB

With a big file… :

$ mount /dev/rbd0 /mnt/myrbd
$ dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/myrbd/testfile bs=1M count=1024
$ rbd diff rbd/myrbd | awk '{ SUM += $2 } END { print SUM/1024/1024 " MB" }'
1038.41 MB

When the big file has been removed (with file system not mount with “discard”) :

$ rm /mnt/myrbd/testfile
$ rbd diff rbd/myrbd | awk '{ SUM += $2 } END { print SUM/1024/1024 " MB" }'
1038.41 MB

Launch FS trim :

$ fstrim /mnt/myrbd
$ rbd diff rbd/myrbd | awk '{ SUM += $2 } END { print SUM/1024/1024 " MB" }'
10.6406 MB

Benchmark discard option

Without “discard” :

$ mount /dev/rbd0 /mnt/rbd0

$ mkdir testdir; cd testdir
$ dd if=/dev/zero of=mainfile bs=1M count=200
$ split -b 4048 -a 7 mainfile; sync               # 4k file / ~51k files
$ cd ..
$ time rm -rf testdir; time sync
real    0m2.780s
user    0m0.096s
sys     0m2.632s

real    0m0.130s
user    0m0.004s
sys     0m0.016s

# total: < 3s

With “discard” :

$ mount -o discard /dev/rbd1 /mnt/rbd1

$ mkdir testdir; cd testdir
$ dd if=/dev/zero of=mainfile bs=1M count=200
$ split -b 4048 -a 7 mainfile; sync               # 4k file / ~51k files
$ cd ..
$ time rm -rf testdir; time sync
real    1m51.471s
user    0m0.104s
sys     0m2.084s

real    0m47.262s
user    0m0.000s
sys     0m0.008s

# total: ~1m56

This is on 2 osd without ssd journal…

In the case of intensive use of the file system, with many small file, it may be more advantageous to use fstrim, for example once a day.

(Ceph osd support trim for block device since 0.46)

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